A Look at How Different Governments Have Approached the Covid-19 Pandemic

People are aware of the devastating effect of the covid-19 Pandemic. India has encountered more covid-19 cases in the past eight days than any part of the world. It’s not a surprise anymore to the people of India and around the world that the death toll is higher than the actual official numbers.

Indian authority faced a perplexing situation with the outcome of the decision made on social distancing and lockdown. India was struck not only on the economy, but the death tolls turned out to be a shocking one. However, the environment improved all over the country.

Brief Introduction on the Covid-19 Virus

The first reported case of covid-19 was from Wuhan, China, in late 2019. Wuhan market is known for selling wildlife animals and also endangered animals. World Health Organization declared an eruption of the Covid-19 on January 30, 2020. The root cause behind the Covid-19 is the virus called SARS-CoV-2(Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2).

With over 1.3 billion and the second-largest globally after China, India concentrates on the rural-based. It is also gravely suffering from COVID-19. Vast numbers of the population died not from the Covid-19 virus but due to lack of unemployment, loss of jobs, business shutdown, and mental collapse.  

Highlights on Different Government Approaches 

Patient with Covid-19 virus suffers from cough, fatigue, sore throat, struggling to breathe, fever. Thus, differentiating this deadly disease from chronic respiratory infections is painfully challenging. 

No successful anti-viral and vaccine were available last year, but India’s death toll was comparatively less than 2021. India’s death rates increase drastically even after the vaccine was available. As Reported, the covid-19 spread like wildfire after the religious gathering at Kumbh Mela at Haridwar, 2021. European Countries and the United States of America tackle the covid-19 maturely and efficiently post 2020. 

The total number of death tolls in the world is 35,11,931 as of May 26, 2021. India accounts for 3,15000 death tolls out of the complete counts and stands at the third-highest death rates. USA casualties stand at the top of 5,92,000, and Brazil stands at the second most death rate in the world with several 4,54000. 

As soon as the first report wave of covid-19 came up, the Government from all over the world instructed basic guidelines. Regular washing of hands using hand sanitizer, which is alcohol-based or liquid soap, avoids touching eyes, nose, and nose mouth, maintaining social distancing. 

To impede the spread, the Government all over the world closed down physical classes to online teaching. Public spaces like swimming pools, sports stadiums, parks, theatres, auditoriums, cinema halls, museums, libraries are closed. Restricted religious gatherings, funerals, and marriages were from 20 to 50 people or 30 percent capacity of the place.

Most countries have strict regulations to fly across other countries to stop the spread of the virus. All the governments across India have put strict laws on the entry and exit road routes after the second wave hit India. 

Indian Government started Covid-19 vaccinations to all above 18 years and above on May 1. As reported, there is a shortage of vaccines for a population like India. Uttarakhand government faced heavy criticism from across the world for permitting Hindu religious festivals Kumbh Mela amidst sharply worsening covid-19 cases. Post Kumbh Mela saw hospitals shortage of beds, drugs, oxygen. Short of oxygen cylinders at the hospitals open opportunities to the black market resulted in paying four times the actual amount of the oxygen cylinder. 

The nation to tackle the covid-19 virus most effectively is Israel. Israel vaccinated almost the entire population and made it a mask-free country. 

As reported, Serum Institute of India Ltd. And Bharat Biotech Ltd are manufacturing two vaccines such as Oxford and AstraZeneca’s Covishield. India also urges assistance from Russia for Sputnik 5. 

India also invites vaccines such as Pfizer, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson for an emergency.

What Is Timocracy?

To define timocracy, it is nothing but a form of government. Here only property owners can participate in the government activities and formation.

Timocracy – A Medieval Government

The timocracy government was defined and formed during the era of Aristotle. In the Aristotle’s era it is a state where the property owners will handle the day to day affairs of the government and people’s affairs. Of course, there is a more extreme form of timocracy. It is where the power is derived from the wealth irrespective of the social and civic responsibility. Also, it might shift in terms of the form and sometimes become plutocracy where the wealthy people rule.

Timocracy – An Unjust Government

In the Republic, Plato often talks about the basic five regimes. Among them four are the most unjust. Timocracy is termed as the first unjust regime. Why? Well, Aristocracy often degenerates timocracy when there is a miscalculation in the part of the governed class.

In addition, the next generation of auxiliaries and guardians consists of people of inferior nature (here it means individuals having souls made of bronze or iron which is opposed to the auxiliaries and guardians whose soul is made of silver and gold).

Choosing A Leader In Timocracy

In timocracy, selecting leaders is inclining rather to a high simple minded and spirited type. Here they are more suited for war. Frankly, the city-state of the Sparta gave Plato with the original world model for such a kind of government. Some of the modern observers feel and describe Sparta as one-party or totalitarian state.

However, the details of this kind of society is exclusively from the enemies of Sparta. The basic idea of something like a militarism kind of stratocracy reflects the basic and fundamental values that the Spartan society followed. Now monarchy, communism, democracy, and socialism are the most common as well as popular form of government. However, not many people know a lot about them.

History Of Timocracy

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Keep in mind that there are a various kind of government which are theoretical. Of course, some of them have not happened yet and even chances of them ever happening is nil. Now certain theoretical governments are just controlled by people who have developed the civilization’s tech. While others are controlled by researchers and scientist who are governing the technology that they have built.

In this regard, timocracy is created by those individuals who have or are the owners of wealth and land. They often rule due to honor or ambition. The timocracy kind of government was just an idea. This was conceived by the Athenian ruler Solon somewhere in the 6th century BC. He created timocracy and gave powers to rulers into his own timocracy.

As per hierarchy, there are four tiers inside the civilization’s population. For example, if you are a manual laborer, you were considered to be the member of the ‘thethes’ tier of the timocracy. Here the thetes are considered to be the lowest rung of the ladder and they won’t get to be elected to the office. But just being a member of the poorest class had one major benefit that most Americans would like. These people never paid any taxes.

Now the next tier present in the ladder is called as the zeugitae. They were nothing but tillers of the land. Frankly, their class was defined in few different manner, and all of it was very much applicable. For being a member of this tier, one needs to be at least a proud owner of the pair of pack animals. Also, one needs to produce at least about two hundred bushels of produce each year (this was the major requirement).

Even though you end up paying taxes, still you could hold minor offices which no one in the higher tiers would ever want. In addition, you can even purchase armor, making it easy for the zeugitae to serve in armies as hoplites.

Now if you are producing only about hundred more of barrels each year, say about three hundred, then you are considered to be the member of the knight class or the hippies. Here you would be able to get weapons and armor along with cavalry all due to the extra money. Frankly, members of this tier would get huge amount of respect and be able to hold offices just above the ladder (higher the ladder).


Now even though democracy won’t suggest having a tier system with regard to the amount of wealth and property you have in exchange for the government qualification. The chances of getting office will simply increase if you have both in the timocracy government.…

What is Oligarchy?

Oligarchy is a form of power structure found in businesses and political organizations. In this structure few people control everything while the majority are condescended upon and are not in any way participant to the spoils and profits, but may rest upon on the belief that they are being noticed and given to rare service or help as and when people at the top in such power structure thinks it as their duty to do so. Here, there is a sharp contrast between the rights of the power among the many with that of the superimposed self styled dictatorial mindset of the few that would never allow their power to be infringed upon in anyway.

Most oligarchies from the past were from noble classes and were famed for being snobbish in their deals with that of lesser ranked people at the bottom. Apart from noble class, oligarchies are found among organizations due to their wealth, education, religious, military and political control. Many such power structures are often controlled by families with younger generation of the family line taking on the reign in due course. These people may be either capable or lack willingness at administration yet they remain in power for the very reason that they have inherited power and influence from their previous generation. These people may even think that it is their birthright to cling to power and very often are tyrannical in their behaviors.

Oppression of the Majority

Most oligarchies function with the single minded pursuit of class division at the bottom levels of political, social, business or religious organizations. They refuse to rectify existing rules that have always been to their favor and may even oppress anyone trying to do so or even influencing others into doing so. They are quick to point out through their own behaviors to lesser folks that are in majority at the bottom that it is for their own interest and good of the organization, country or social order to remain in absolute obedience. This power structure has often been considered by philosophers, writers and other social scientists as the very reason why some groups of people holding on to power seldom allows the individual, social and other basic human rights to those at the lower rungs of the ladder.

According to experts it has been seen that although oppression may be the password of oligarchs yet some people in the masses tend to find this to be quite all right too. They feel that there are less chances of anarchy to happen when the power to yield is in few hands only. They also feel that power having been concentrated in a few hands may act as deterrent to those that may feel like creating pockets of inconsistencies and confusion in order to make another oligarchic power structure on their own.

People at lower bottom may think that since power rests on a few they may find relative comfort zone in their own social, business or religious circles while larger issues pertaining to society may be handled by the oligarchs. Yet, people on the top may have less interest in taking risky ventures that may benefit the masses or employees of an organization on the whole. They seldom need to face new challenges and competition and remain conservative. This obviously lessens the spirit of the majority as well as lack of newer ground breaking ideas whether in businesses, politics or social orders.

Power and Wealth in Few Hands

It is quite obvious as you may find throughout history that oligarchies have a distinction of gathering wealth that only rests on those at the top of the power ladder. In sharp contrast, the masses always remain poor and lack basic amenities of life. Even though they may aspire to be wealthy they hardly lack the chance as the oligarchs would never allow this to come true.

This is because the elite always control all policies and hold legislative powers. In business oligarchy they try to influence the political class with their money and gifts making it immensely tougher for others to get into their competitive line. As such with businesses too coming under the control of few, there will be less diversity and even lesser risk taking initiative on part of businesses. Further, they may even damage other businesses so as to thwart competition and destroy the chances of newer products from appearing in the market. They do this by controlling prices of their products as well as restricting economical access to raw materials and by hindering supply demand functions.

However, oligarchs may not be all that bad for creative people as they may easily find their projects funded as well given a chance of bringing out new ideas. They allow this as they feel that in the end it would support their own goals although they may still find in difficult to accept new ideas detrimental to their own interest brought before them.

Oligarchical Business Practices

Some industries and specific companies within them have been accused of maintaining oligarchical structures within their businesses. The tech industry has been a target of many as a sector in which the balance of power and profit has not been distributed. Specifically in video gaming and adult tech related companies suspicions have arised. This was an early criticism of backpage before its alternatives like bedpage, free sexfinder, and others rose in popularity. Specific gaming companies have come under scrutiny for their practices and structures as well. …